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What is GST Refund

What is GST Refund?

Do you know what is GST refund? Following international tax news might make you familiar with the GST return idea. Surprisingly, there is no national GST in the US.

The US tax system does not immediately apply for a GST refund. In addition to the federal income tax system, sales taxes are levied by certain states and municipalities.

Nonetheless, there are circumstances in which companies that trade internationally may encounter the idea of a GST refund in an indirect way. Our tax consultancy services help you learn what is GST refund and what variables affect it.

Worldwide GST Refunds

Any time value is added to goods and services during the manufacturing, distribution, or consumption, a comprehensive indirect tax known as the products and Services Tax (GST) is applied. Several countries have implemented the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system.

In a system with a GST, registered companies usually get the GST from their clients and send it to the government. For purchases they have made that are used to make taxable supply, firms are also eligible to claim input tax credits (ITCs) for the GST they have paid. Using this approach makes it possible for the final customer to bear the cost of the GST.

Variables that Affect GST Refund

GST refunds enter the picture here. The tax authorities will repay businesses eligible to claim ITCs beyond their GST due. Various variables may contribute to this:


Companies that export products or services do not usually have to collect GST. Customers who have previously paid GST on purchases connected to the exported goods or services are eligible for a refund.

Inverted Duty Structure

The GST rates on inputs and outputs may differ in specific instances. As a result, enterprises have an ‘inverted duty structure.’ They pay more GST on purchases than they get on sales. This problem is lessened by a GST refund system.

US Businesses and GST Refunds

Despite the absence of a national GST, US companies engaged in foreign commerce may come into contact with GST in one of two primary situations:

Importing Goods

A US company importing products from a country with a GST system may be subject to GST charges from the government that exported the items.

The US importer may be liable for paying the GST. It depends on the agreed-upon incoterms (international commercial terms). In certain circumstances, the US importer is eligible to receive credit for the overseas GST they paid when submitting their US tax return. However, there are some guidelines and restrictions.

Exporting Products

Usually, US companies that export goods to countries that use the GST system do not levy GST during export.  The US exporter may not be able to immediately recover sales taxes or other indirect taxes spent on supplies or manufacturing expenses back as a GST refund.

Options for claiming input tax credits or exemptions for exported goods depend on the destination country’s unique GST regulations.

The Bottom Line

Knowing what is GST refund may not be immediately relevant under the local tax laws in the US. However, US companies doing business abroad should be mindful of the potential effects of GST on their operations. It is beneficial for US firms to manage the complexity of foreign taxation and recover tax credits when they apply if they have a basic understanding of how GST refunds work in their trade partner nations. For information related to the GST consequences of your US business’s foreign transactions, it is always prudent to speak with our tax advisory services LLC.